Often, when every avenue of medicinal treatment is exhausted, it becomes
time for sufferers of persistent acne or more severe acne to seek alternative treatment methods. A dermatologist can help
discuss the different treatments currently available including treating acne with laser therapy or acne surgery.
If you are considering the possibility of treating acne with laser therapy
or surgery, you must take care to fully evaluate each of the processes, including the number of required treatments, the consequent
costs, and the potential side effects of the treatment. It's also important that you select a process that is designed to
deal with reducing the presence of acne - and not acne scarring.
Acne surgery involves making an incision into the affected area and draining
the clogged matter. The process for blackheads and whiteheads doesn't actually involve surgery, but is often performed by
a nurse, esthetician or dermatologist. A small, pointed blade is used to first open the comedone and then gently work the
material out using a comedone extractor.
Severe cysts can be drained and removed by a procedure known as excisional
surgery. The procedure should be performed in a sterile environment to reduce the risk of spreading bacterial infection and
should only be performed by trained professional. If the cysts are not carefully extracted, they can develop serious infection
and create scarring.
Forms of Physical Treatment
This form or treatments involves removing the top layer of skin either chemically
or with some sort of abrasive. Chemical peels are usually done with salicylic acid or glycolic acid. These work
by destroying a microscopic layer of skin cells to unclog pores and remove the build-up of dead cells. The same effect
can be achieved by using an abrasive cloth or liquid scrub.
- Comedo Extraction
In this procedure, an anesthetic cream is applied to the immediate area of
breakout. Then the comedones (blackheads and white heads) are extracted using a pen-like instrument which opens the top to
allow the removal of dead skin cells and sebum from the follicle. The procedure is usually followed by an application
of antibiotic cream.
With many forms of severe acne, cysts can form under the skin and become
very painful--even disfiguring. Often, the smaller cysts can be treated with cortisone injections which will flatten the lesion
in a few days. But for larger cysts the only alternative available might be to have them drained and then surgically
removed. Drainage can help relieve the pain associated with cysts and also reduce the chance of scarring. It is
important not to try to drain cysts by yourself because of the risk of infection, which could lead to permanent scarring.