Though often misdiagnosed as acne, rosacea is, in fact, not acne.
Rosacea affects thousands of people in the U.S. alone, mostly those over the age of 30. It generally appears as a red rash
confined to the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. This redness is often accompanied by bumps, pimples, and skin blemishes --
the reason it is so commonly mistaken for acne.
Further, this redness is also linked to the fact that blood vessels
may become more visible on the skin. Rosacea has been shown to be more prevalent in women than in men, but often if found
in men it tends to be more severe.
If you are seeking treatment and you think it may actually be rosacea,
you need to be aware that the treatments differ quite a bit from those used in the care of acne vulgaris.
• Acne Mechanica
This form of acne is caused by external mechanical forces like constant
pressure, constant and repeated friction, covered skin, and heat. For those involved in sports, in the military or in
high-activity jobs, this is nothing new as the condition is common with many athletes and in professions where factors like
tight-fitting, even restrictive clothing is worn for extended periods of time. These sort of jobs may include certain kinds
of factory work where an employee may be busy with repetitive tasks that may irritate the skin and lead to break outs.
For soldiers who must wear uniforms much of the time and may be carrying
backpacks with straps that bite into the skin and cause friction with each step or straps on weapons that can also rub again
the body this can become a real issue. Operating in the extremes of temperatures that these soldiers often do can also often
complicate existent acne by causing inflammation and further breakouts.
Further examples of possible causes may include:
Wearing head bands that can rub the forehead and irritate the skin.
kind of friction caused by physical contact with musical instruments for extended periods of time.
Wearing tight clothing period; whether it is blue jeans or types of undergarments made with synthetic
materials. Even bra straps, if they happen to fit snuggly against the skin.
• Acne Cosmetica
Often women who regularly wear make up or cosmetics find that they
are getting breakouts on the forehead or cheeks. It may be what is called acne cosmetica. This form of acne is generally caused
by the type of cosmetics that a person is using.
When hairstyles change, it is not uncommon for teenagers and young adults to adopt
new styles. But, sometimes a new style requires the use of a thick, oily hair cosmetic called pomade. Pomade is generally
used when a hairstyle requires that curly hair be straightened or hair be molded into various shapes.
One of the undesired effects of pomade use may be pomade acne. Pomade
acne occurs on the scalp, forehead, and temples where pomade comes into contact with the skin.
Most, if not all, pomades fall into the category of comedogenic --
or pore clogging -- cosmetics. The heavy oils used in pomades can clog skin, setting the stage for the formation of comedones.
In addition, some of the other chemicals in pomades may irritate the skin, contributing to inflammation.
• Excoriated Acne
The term excoriated means to scratch or abrade the skin. Now when
we bring this term into the context of acne we have what is called excoriated acne. This type of acne is defined by the behavior
of the person suffering from it. When such a person obsessively picks and scrapes at every pimple and blemish on their skin,
they are said to have excoriated acne. Because of the excessive nature of the attention given to the sufferer's skin, deep
irritation can result as well as scarring.
Though it may appear to others as a mild form of acne, without pustules
or nodules, to the person dealing with it, this condition may be intolerable. This almost psychological urge to get rid of
one's skin lesions or blemish can become very damaging. As such, it is recommended that a dermatologist be sought for treatment.
• Infantile Acne
This form of acne occurs in newborns and is concentrated on the nose
and cheeks. It is caused by the hormonal changes that have occurred will the fetus was developing in the womb. Typically,
the acne clears up in matter of weeks without treatment.
However, infantile acne has a serious aspect that must be considered.
If simple cleansing with mild soap and water will not clear the acne up then a mild topical agent (such as a prescription
form of benzoyl peroxide for infants) helps both the current situation and prevents scarring. If this does not help, then
a dermatologist may need to be consulted.
Things to note:
Genetics might be a factor in the development of acne in the infant. Do the child's parents or
siblings have acne or did they have it in the past?
It may be that the infant has a condition that causes early production of sex hormones--especially
androgen which is linked to acne. If this is the case, then medical help should be sought to avoid problems with the child's
and developmental abnormalities
Acne at such an early stage in the child's life could indicate developmental
problems that might not show up until later. A pediatrician should be consulted to find out if this might be a possibility.
Drug-induced acne or acneiform eruption
It could be that the child has been exposed
to certain medications that can cause acne or acneiform lesions. Examples of such drugs include corticosteroids and those
that contain iodine....